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Life cycle of cestodes

They have a head with suckers (sometimes hooks as well) and generally have a 2-host life-cycle. The life cycle of cestodes goes something like this Life cycle of Schistocephalus solidus (after Dubinina, 1980) Cestodes (tapeworms) form a monophyletic group of parasitic Platyhelminthes (flatworms), and include over 5200 described species. Adult cestodes reproduce in the digestive tract of vertebrates, but for an egg to become and egg-producing worm, they need to infect a variety of intermediate hosts, and pass though specific developmental stages the life cycle of Lacistorhynchus tenuis. Following the protocol described above, leopard sharks were infected with L. tenuis that originated from the smooth dogfish, Mustelus canis. Adult worms were recovered 18 mo PI. Partial life cycles of several trypanorhynchan cestodes were described by Overstreet ( 1983) and Mattis (1986) Cestode Cestodes. Tapeworms cause disease in humans in either of the two stages of their life cycle: the adult stage, which... Taeniasis and neurocysticercosis. Tapeworms, or cestodes, are flat worms that can live in the human gastrointestinal... Cestode Disease. Cestodes are also known as.

Cestodes: Definition, Characteristics & Life Cycle - Video

Life Cycle of Tapeworms. Depending on the species, cestodes can complete their life cycle in one or several hosts. This section gives focus to the life cycle of Taenia saginata which requires an intermediate and definitive host to complete its life cycle Life cycle Man and other animals are infected by eating uncooked fish that contains plerocercoid larvae (15 x 2 mm) which attach to the small intestinal wall and mature into adult worms in 3 to 5 weeks

Cestode life cycle database Natural History Museu

CDC - DPDx - Coenurosis

Complete Life Cycle of the Elasmobranch Cestode

The life cycle is as follows: The eggs are passed into the environment from the primary host. The eggs are ingested by an intermediate host in which they hatch. The larvae enter the tissues of the intermediate host and encyst. The primary host ingests the cysts in the flesh of the intermediate host • Two orders encompass cestodes infecting humans: Pseudophyllidae and Cyclophyllidae -The life cycles of pseudophyllideans usually involve a crustacean as a first intermediate host and fish as second intermediate hosts • Unique structure of adults Cestodes (Tapeworms General Characteristics of Cestodes. 1. Adult Cestodes: Adult cestodes have tape-like, ribbon shaped and segmented body and the length varies from few mm to several meters. They are flattened dorso-ventrally. An adult worm has three regions: Strobila (a trunk or body) consisting of proglottid or segments A cysticercus can survive for several years in the animal. Humans become infected by ingesting raw or undercooked infected meat . In the human intestine, the cysticercus develops over 2 months into an adult tapeworm, which can survive for years Tapeworm Life Cycle Tapeworms are parasitic flatworms that fall under the class Cestoda and Phylum Platyhelminthes. They comprise approximately 5000 different species of invertebrates that measure from 1mm to 15 m in size

Cestode - an overview ScienceDirect Topic

  1. We summarized the known life cycles of trophically transmitted parasitic acanthocephalans, cestodes, and nematodes. For 973 parasite species, we gathered information from the literature on the hosts infected at each stage of the parasite life cycle (8,510 host-parasite species associations), what parasite stage is in each host, and whether parasites need to infect certain hosts to complete the life cycle
  2. g larva, a coracidium, is liberated
  3. e the specific life cycle of each trematode of medical and veterinary importance when we get to each one in lecture and lab. 3. Generalized Life Cycle 4
  4. g cysterci
  5. Pseudophyllidean cestodes have aquatic 3-host life-cycles, involving the sequential formation of adult tapeworms in fish-eating animals (scolex with 2 longitudinal bothria), procercoid larval stages in aquatic invertebrates (copepods) and then plerocercoid (spargana) stages in fish e.g. Diphyllobothrium in humans, dogs and cats being.
  6. Cestoda have evolved to have no digestive system of their own, they simple absorb nutrients from their host's guts. To aid this process the entire surface of their body is covered with microscopic wrinkles or projections, which greatly increase the surface area available for the absorption of nutrients
  7. Cestodes Synopsis. Species. A number of different cestodes are reported from dogs. Mesocestoides spp. Spirometra spp. Overview of Life Cycle. Two major groups of cestodes are parasites of dogs - the Cyclophyllidean or true tapeworms,... Disease. Disease in dogs due to the presence of adult.

Terms in this set (45) What type of life cycle do cestodes have? all are parasitic and have an indirect life cycle. What is the morphology of cestodes? -they have a cuticle (thick outer covering) -large surface area. -acellular. -no digestive system. -hermaphroditic LIFE CYCLE OF DIGENETIC TREMATODES: During life cycle, Pyriform Cilaiated meracedium swim in water by cilia beating to wet ormarshy places to find snail Infection of non-indigenous pumpkinseed (Lepomis gibbosus, Centrarchidae) with the bothriocephalidean cestode Bothriocephalus claviceps (Cestoda: Bothriocephalidae) was confirmed at several sites in the lower Oder river basin in Poland. The preferred host for this cestode species is the European eel (Anguilla anguilla), with a wide range of other fish species serving as paratenic hosts. The. LIFE CYCLES OF TREMATODES Life cycle of Fasciola hepatica and Fasciola gigantica 10. Differential Morphology of the Diagnostic Stages of Helminths Found in Humans: Eggs (Cestodes) Species Size Shape Color Stage of Development When Passed Specific Features and Variations Taenia saginata Taenia solium 35 m. Range, 31- 43 m 1. Angew Parasitol. 1983 Aug;24(3):147-51. [2 rules for the life cycles of cestodes in the ecosystem]. [Article in German] Bozkov D. Rule I: The more advanced in its primary evolution the life cycle of a cestode is, the greater is the participation of the animal component of the ecosystem in it

Cestodes - Definition, Classification and Characteristic

The tape-worm, Dipylidium caninum, L., has for its intermediate hosts the louse, Trichodectes canis, Betz., and two fleas, Ctenocephaluscanis, Curt., and Pulex irritans, L. It is admitted that the proboscis of these fleas is incapable of permitting the passage of the eggs of D. caninum, but the author has found that the flea larva can swallow the egg, which, on arrival in the intestine, at once.. Life Cycle. The life cycle of the three tapeworm species that infect the GI tract of horses and donkey are indirect because they require an intermediate host as well as a definitive host. Stunkard 9 completed the developmental cycle of Anoplocephaline cestodes in 1937 when he discovered that certain members of one genus of oribatid mites (Acari: Oribatida), Galumna spp., could serve as the. [Life cycle of Proteocephalus neglectus (Cestoda) from rainbow trout Salmo gairdneri]. [Article in German] Priemer J. Proteocephalus neglectus is described for the first time in the G.D.R. from Salmo gairdneri. The incidence of invasion was 65% and the main intensity was 2.8 with a maximum of 6 worms per fish. P. neglectus has a 2-host life-cycle Life-cycle. *Infective eggs in feces. *Eggs ingested by intermediate host or. humans (Different for each Cestode) *Eggs hatch in intestines onchospheres. *Onchosphere penetrates intestinal wall. Cysticercoid larvae tissue (intermediate. host) or intestinal lumen (humans) *Larvae eaten by humans Freeman RS (1957) Life cycle and morphology of Paruterina rauschi n. sp. and P. Candelabraria (Goeze, 1782) (Cestoda) from owls, and significance of plerocercoids in the order Cyclophyllidea. Can J Zool 35:349-370 Google Schola

Some morphological characteristics of Cephalochlamys namaquensis from Xenopus muelleri collected at Kajansi, Kampala, are described.. Specimens of cestodes from other localities in Africa are compared with those from Kajansi in order to assess the reliability of the characters of the proposed genus Pseudocephalochlamys Yamaguti, 1959. Reasons are given for rejecting the genus the life cycle of these species has been a long-standing problem. The SP and LP forms are thought to be earlier stages of P. delphini and M. grimaldii that are presumed to infect large pelagic. The life cycles of the species of Mathevotaenia involve insects, such as cockroaches and butterflies, as intermediate hosts in which amphicyst develop to larval cestodes or metacestodes and considered that larvacyst of amphicyst type is a synonymous of precysticercus Life Cycle Prepatent period - 5-12 weeks Patent period - decades 3 routes of egg ingestion Heteroinfection - contaminated food and water External autoinfection - perineal skin to mouth Internal autoinfection - regurgitation proglottids to stomac The life cycles of this type are charact erized by lack of the second interme- diate host, though in many digeneans there is a corresponding phase of the ontogenetic development of the hermap.

CESTODES (TAPE WORMS) - microbiologybook

Cestoda - an overview ScienceDirect Topic

  1. Life cycle of the cestodes. LIFE CYCLE OF CESTODES. Eggs are embryonated or unembryonated when laid. If the eggs are embryonated it contains oncosphere or hexacanth embryo. The oncosphere is bilaterally symmetrical and has 3 pairs of hooks. Eggs having 4 layers. Outer capsule
  2. ed by definitive hosts, in whom the mature adult worm lives, and intermediate hosts, which harbor the larval forms of the parasite. Humans are a definitive host for six cestodes: Diphyllobothrium latum, Taenia solium, Taenia saginata, Hymenolepis di
  3. Tapeworms, Class Cestoda. 2. 2 Class Cestoda: general description • consist of a rounded head, called a scolex, and long strobila or chain of proglottids (multiple segments) of varying stages of maturity. • They have no digestive tract of its own at any point in its life cycle. • The scolex has specialized means of attaching to the.
  4. Life cycle of cestodes: Adults are parasites of the small intestine of man or animals. They usually require one or two intermediate hosts with the exception of Hymenolepis nana which has one host only acting as both intermediate and definitive. Gravid segments or eggs of cestodes are passed in the faeces of their definitive hosts
  5. There are four medically important cestodes: Taenia solium, Taenia saginata, Diphyllobothrium latum, and Echinococcus granulosus. Their features are summarized in Table 54-1, and the medically important stages in the life cycle of these organisms are described in Table 54-2. Three cestodes of lesser importance, Echinococcus multilocularis.
  6. We summarized the known life cycles of trophically transmitted parasitic acanthocephalans, cestodes, and nematodes. For 973 parasite species, we gathered information from the literature on the hosts infected at each stage of the parasite life cycle (8,510 host-parasite species associations), what parasite stage is in each host, and whether.

Rule II: In the secondarily evolved life cycles of cestodes, when compared with their initial life cycles, the following things are observed: a) either a decrease of both the participation of the animal component of the ecosystem in the life cycle and the direct influence of the non-living component of the ecosystem on the course of the cycle. Life cycles of two corallobothriin cestodes (Proteocephaloidea) from Algonquin Park, Ontario. Befus AD, Freeman RS. Canadian Journal of Zoology, 01 Feb 1973, 51(2): 249-257 DOI: 10.1139/z73-036 PMID: 4694948 . Share this article Share with email Share with. What is the life cycle of the tapeworm? All tapeworms (cestodes) cycle through 3 stages—eggs, larvae, and adults. Adults inhabit the intestines of definitive hosts, mammalian carnivores. Several of the adult tapeworms that infect humans are named after their intermediate host: The fish tapeworm (Diphyllobothrium latum Overview of Tapeworm Infections. All tapeworms (cestodes) cycle through 3 stages—eggs, larvae, and adults. Adults inhabit the intestines of definitive hosts, mammalian carnivores. Several of the adult tapeworms that infect humans are named after their main intermediate host: An exception is the Asian tapeworm ( Taenia asiatica ), which is. Aug 2, 2014 - Explore Samantha Duquette's board Cestoda on Pinterest. See more ideas about parasite, microbiology, microscopic photography

Cestoda - Wikipedi

CDC - Diphyllobothrium - Biolog

The life cycle of Archigetes iowensis (Cestoda

  1. All cestodes have indirect life cycles, i.e., their life cycles include intermediate and definitive (= final) hosts (although life cycles of Gyrocotylidea have not been worked out, presence of intermediate hosts is likely). Intermediate hosts harbour the sexually immature stages of the parasites, the final hosts harbour the sexually mature stages
  2. The life cycle of liver flukes like Fasciola hepatica starts when eggs laid in the bile ducts of a mammal (man, pigs, cows, etc) are released into the environment with the feces. In aquatic or very damp environments, the eggs develop to embryos within a period of three weeks
  3. The life cycle of a tapeworm starts as an egg, which is consumed and stored by an invertebrate. The invertebrate is then consumed by a vertebrate host in which the tapeworm develops and breeds. Some exceptions to this general pattern exist, such as when eggs are retained and hatch within the vertebrate host

What is the life cycle of a cestode in tapeworm infestation

Transmission and life cycle. The tapeworm needs two hosts to complete its lifecycle. First is the intermediate host (the flea or a rodent), which passes the larval stage of the tapeworm around, and the final host (your cat), where the larvae develop into an adult tapeworm The life cycle of marine Eubothrium sp. (Cestoda: Pseudophyllidea), from Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar L.) was experimentally completed in one year and included only one intermediate host (Acartia tonsa Dana) (Copepoda: Calanoida). Adult cestodes were collected from farmed salmon, and ripe eggs released by the cestodes were fed to Acartia tonsa.

Cestodes: Classification and General Characteristics

  1. and ducks Lin (1979) [10]; Cestodes of mammals Lin (1962)a [4]; Lin (1962)b [5]; Lin and He (1979) [10]. It is to say representive species of cestodes from fish, snakes and mammals in China have all been studied with their life-history and it takes a long time and hard work to finish these jobs. All the cestodes studied are local species of China
  2. The life cycles of other pseudophyllidean species including those belonging to the genera Dibothriocephalus, Diplogonoporus and Schistocephalus are analogous to Spirometra spp. 11, except for the.
  3. Cestodes, commonly called tapeworms, are parasitic worms. They have a tape-like and segmented body. These animals are hermaphroditic, lack a digestive tract, and do not have a body cavity. They have a head with suckers (sometimes hooks as well) and generally have a 2-host life-cycle

CDC - Taeniasis - Biolog

geneans apart, complex cycles are much commoner than simple life cycles: they are the rule in cestodes, trematodes and acanthocephalans, and in nematodes of vertebrates are commoner than simple life cycles (e.g. Freeland & Boulton, 1992; Morand, 1996). Contemplating complex life cycles, the celebrated American zoologist Libbie Hyman (1951) puzzled Taenia solium is the pork tapeworm that causes two types of diseases in humans: Taeniasis caused by the adult Taenia solium and Cysticercosis caused by the larvae. Taenia solium is a Platyhelminthes that belongs to the class of Cestodes; this parasite can grow to about 2 to 8 meters in length

Video: Tapeworm Life Cycle: Introduction, Life Cycle, FAQ

Life cycle When fully gravid, strings of 6 to 9 terminal proglottids, each containing approximately 100,000 eggs, break free from the remainder of the strobila. These muscular segments may be passed with the stool. Proglottids reach the soil, release their eggs ANSWER : Cestodes are segmented, dorsoventrally compressed and has three parts scolex, neck and strobila. Adult cestodes (tapeworm) live attached to the small intestine in humans and other animals. Hu view the full answe

Lab 4: Cestodes Phylum: Platyhelminthes The simplest animals that are bilaterally symmetrical and triploblastic (composed of three fundamental cell layers) are the Platyhelminthes, the flatworms. Flatworms have no body cavity other than the gut (and the smallest free-living forms may even lack that!) and lac

Life Cycle Definitive host - man Adults found - attached to the middle third of the small intestine Stage leaving the body - gravid proglottid that actively migrate and pass embryonated eggs Intermediate host - cattle Infectious stage for the definitive host - cysticercus infected mea

Cestodes are diverse, ubiquitous parasites of vertebrates. They are frequent parasites of small mammals. It is not possible to provide a concise description of their taxonomy and life cycles without omitting many of the complexities, controversies and fascinating novelties of such a diverse group. Therefore, this chapter is introductory and not exhaustive Cestodes are tapeworms. There is a large variety but only those that are pathogenic to humans will be discussed here. These include: Taenia solium (pork tapeworm).; Taenia saginata (beef tapeworm).; Diphyllobothrium latum (fish or broad tapeworm).; Hymenolepis nana and Hymenolepis diminuta (dwarf tapeworm and rat tapeworm respectively).; Echinococcus granulosus and Echinococcus multilocularis. Structure of cestodes. The body of cestodes (from the Greek cestos - belt, ribbon) is usually ribbon-like, oblate in the dorsoventral direction, consists of a head (scolex), neck and strobila, divided into segments (proglottids). The length of the entire cestode, depending on the species, can vary from a few millimeters to 10 meters or more, and the number of proglottids varies from one to.

Request PDF | On Aug 10, 2021, Sarah G H Sapp and others published Chapter 131: Zoonotic Cestodes | Find, read and cite all the research you need on ResearchGat TAENIA SAGINATA: PARASITOLOGY AND LIFE CYCLE. Taenia saginata inhabits the human jejunum, where it may live for up to 25 years and grow to a maximum length of 10 m. Its 1 mm scolex lacks hooklets but possesses the four sucking disks typical of most cestodes (Figure 56-1A). The creamy white strobila consists of 1000 to 2000 individual proglottids The parasitic Platyhelminthes (Neodermata) contains three parasitic groups of flatworms, each having a unique morphology, and life style: Monogenea (primarily ectoparasitic), Trematoda (endoparasitic flukes), and Cestoda (endoparasitic tapeworms). The evolutionary origin of complex life cyles (multiple obligate hosts, as found in Trematoda and Cestoda) and of endo-/ecto-parasitism in these. The kinds and amounts of the lipids of each stage (egg, coracidium, procercoid, plerocercoid, adult) in the life-cycle of the cestode Spirometra mansonoides, and of environmental lipids, have been examined by combinations of TEAE-cellulose and silicic acid column, silica gel thin-layer and SCOT column gas-liquid chromatography. Major lipids of all stages were triacylglycerols, cholesterol. Taenia solium is a parasite belonging to the phylum of flatworms, specifically to the Cestoda class. It is commonly known as tapeworm and it is located in the intestine of the human being. It can reach measures of up to 4 meters and is responsible for the development of taeniasis and cysticercosis (rare)

Morphological identification of tapeworm species at larval stages (procercoids and cysticercoids) is often difficult because few diagnostic characters are available. In the present study, a molecular approach (sequencing of partial 18S rDNA gene) was used to evaluate the genetic similarity between adult specimens of Cyathocephalus truncatus (Pallas, 1871) (Cestoda: Spathebothriidea) found in. Life cycles of two corallobothriin cestodes (Proteocephaloidea) from Algonquin Park, Ontario. Befus AD, Freeman RS. Canadian Journal of Zoology, 01 Feb 1973, 51(2): 249-257 DOI: 10.1139/z73-036 PMID: 4694948 . Share this article Share with email Share with.

A life cycle database for parasitic acanthocephalans

The intermediate host in the life cycle of Taenia saginata is . a) Pig. b) Goat. c)Dog. d) Cattle. 7. Taenia solium lacks alimentary canal because . Cestoda. b) Trematoda. c) Turbellaria. d) None of these. 10. Cilia help in locomotion over solid surfaces in . a) Miracidium larva of Fasciola. b)Planaria. c) Hydra. d) Turbellaria The tapeworms (cestodes) Taenia saginata (beef tapeworm) and Taenia solium (pork tapeworm) are of significance to human beings as taeniasis occurs when human beings eat raw or undercooked, unfrozen beef or pork. Life cycle of tapeworms There are four medically important cestodes: Taenia solium, Taenia saginata, Diphyllobothrium latum, and Echinococcus granulosus. Their features are summarized in Table 54-1, and the medically important stages in the life cycle of these organisms are described in Table 54-2 Tenia Saginata: Characteristics, Life Cycle, Epidemiology. The I had saginata Is a parasitic plant of the Cestoda class that is acquired through the ingestion of meat (raw or badly cooked) of infected cows. This parasite is also known as Taeniarhynchus saginatus Or tapeworm of beef. The infection of the cows is produced by the ingestion of.

THE LIFE CYCLE OF DIPHYLLOBOTHRIUM CORDICEPS (CESTODA: PSEUDOPHYLLIDEA) IN YELLOWSTONE LAKE N. Kingston and Kenneth L. Diem University of Wyoming Aspects of the 1 ife cycle of D. cordiceps have been known for more than a century, viz., the occurrence-of plerocercoids in the secondary intermediat Description and life-cycle of Taenia lynciscapreoli sp. n. (Cestoda, Cyclophyllidea) 3 Conspecificity of adults and metacestodes in various host species was confirmed using a partial nucleotide sequence (396 bp) of the mitochondrial cytochrome c oxidase subunit 1 (cox1) gene as previously described (Lavikainen et al. 2013).Thi CESTODES (Also with notes on the few Acanthocephala reported from cats) The cestodes or tapeworms comprise a large assemblage of parasites which as adults are found in the intestinal tract of vertebrates. Most typically, the tapeworms are acquired by the final host ingesting an intermediate host that contains a larval stage of the tapeworm Shimazu: Life cycle of Gangesia parasiluri 39 Figs. 1-3. Gangesia parasiluri, gravid adults from intestine of naturally infected Silurus asotus from Lake Suwa, Nagano, central Japan. Fig. 1. Rostellar hooks, lateral view (A), en face view (B), length of blade (a), length and width of base (b and c). Scale bar = 0.01 mm. Fig. 2. Mature proglottis, ventral view Pork, beef, and fish tapeworm life cycle The pork, beef, and fish tapeworms are large, flat, ribbon-like worms that live in the intestine of people and can grow 15 to 30 feet (4.5 to 9 meters) in length

Lecture Notes in Medical Technology: Lecture #5: THE

Life cycles of species of Proteocephalus, parasites of

The life cycle begins with the ingestion of raw or undercooked beef containing T. The larvae gets digested out of the beef in the human intestinal system. The worm then attaches on the intestinal mucosa of the upper small intestine. The tapeworm will digest food and grow longer Taenia solium; Pork tape wormK. Taenia solium commonly known as the pork tapeworm or the armed tapeworm.; It is a flat-ribbon like tape worms that causes intestinal taeniasis. Adult worms are rarely pathogenic but the encysted larval stage (cysticercus cellulosae) of the worm caused a serious disease in human called Cysticercosis.; Habitat CESTODES CESTODES TAPEWORMS All are 1 Long segmented; Teniarinhoza Life cycle of Taenia saginata beef tapeworm. Tapeworm Infection Tapeworm Infection It is the infection. INFECTIONS NEONATALES plan Infections maternofoetales bactriennes Infections virales

Trematode Life Cycles - SlideShar

Infection of non-indigenous pumpkinseed (Lepomis gibbosus, Centrarchidae) with the bothriocephalidean cestode Bothriocephalus claviceps (Cestoda: Bothriocephalidae) was confirmed at several sites in the lower Oder river basin in Poland. The preferred host for this cestode species is the European eel (Anguilla anguilla), with a wide range of other fish species serving as paratenic hosts. The. It is the purpose of this paper to present observations on the larval development and life cycle of P. candelabraria. Apparently nothing is known concerning the life cycles of cestodes of the genus Paruterina Fuhrmann, 1906, most of which occur in passeriform bird Animals' life cycles differ in the amount of time it takes from conception to the arrival of the infant animal, the gestation stage and the maturation phase. The time it takes for a growing sloth to reach sexual maturity depends on its species, but for the most part, three-toed sloths and two-toed sloths have similar life cycles

The class monogenea is distinguished by most of its members being ectoparasite (meaning they live on the outside of their host's bodies). Whereas Digenea and Cestodes are all endoparasites (meaning they live inside the bodies of their hosts).. In order to facilitate their parasitic life style, the Monogenea have complicated attachment organs at the posterior or tail end of their bodies Cestodes and sticklebacks: manipulating the mind. Investigating gene expression in the brains of infected and uninfected sticklebacks can help shed light on the molecular mechanisms used by parasites to manipulate their host's behaviour. Interestingly, parallels can be made between parasite-induced behavioural alterations and human.

The Control of Internal Parasites

Cestodes (Tapeworm) - Infectious Disease Adviso

Describe the osmoregulatory/excretory system of cestodes. Dorsal and ventral canals carry fluid alongside the entire length of the worm Empties at the terminal proglottid Protonephridia are present throughout the worm, connected by ductules to main canals. Describe the reproductive system of cestodes Taenia solium infection (taeniasis) is an intestinal infection with adult tapeworms that follows ingestion of contaminated pork. Cysticercosis is infection with larvae of T. solium, which develops after ingestion of ova excreted in human feces.Adult worms may cause mild gastrointestinal symptoms or passage of a motile segment in the stool. Cysticercosis is usually asymptomatic unless larvae. Molecular identification of larvae of a tetraphyllidean tapeworm (Platyhelminthes: Cestoda) in a razor clam; an alternative intermediate host in the life cycle of Acanthobothrium brevissime Author Holland, N. D; Wilson, N. G Year 2009 Publication Type Refereed Article Journal Journal of Parasitology Number of pages 1215-1217 Volume 95 Language e

Cestodes with a rat intermediate hostToxocarose